Legal and technical grounds for the creation of the Venezuelan Identification System
The following is a study on the legal and technical feasibility of creating temporary and permanent solutions to put an end to the serious problem that Venezuelans are going through, due to the fact that the competent authority responsible for the issuance of the national passports and identity cards has stopped performing its work. This violation of constitutional guarantees and, in general, of the fundamental human rights to identity and freedom of movement must cease. We therefore present four temporary solutions and one permanent solution for obtaining a Venezuelan national passport. To materialize this proposal, it is necessary to have the cooperation of the regional offices and main headquarters of the United Nations’ specialized agencies, such as the International Organization for Migration and the U:N. High Commissioner for Refugees, as well as, the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights. One of these organizations could act as a trusted third party in the process of issuing the travel document for Venezuelan citizens inside and outside Venezuela.
Author: Maria Gabriela Sarmiento
Oct. 2020. Revised Nov. 2020